What is the Function of an Air Compressor?


The air compressor is a machine which uses a drive motor or an electric gas to power the device, which sucks in successive volumes of air from the atmosphere, compresses (squeezes) each volume of air in the limited space to increase the pressure, resulting in a smaller amount, and then transfers the air high pressure in the receiver tank according to the study site EnergyTechPro. High pressure air is removed from the receiving tank for the electrical equipment.

Three Basic Types

There are three basic types of air compressor. The first, called reciprocating compressor uses a piston in the cylinder to press out air. The second, called rotary screw air compressor uses rotating spiral screw of gradually diminishing volume to compress the air. The third is called a centrifugal compressor uses rotating impeller to transmit the air pulse, thus compressing it.

Air System

The compressor is only part of the complete air system. Tank-receiver is a vital component, which prevents unnecessary wear on the compressor from too-frequent cycling. The tank also eliminates pulsation of airflow.

Purifiers And Coolers

An air system also includes cleaners that remove water vapor and compressor lubricant vapors from the compressed air ad it is drawn off. There may also be compressed to reduce the cooling air temperature. Finally, there are hoses or tubes which carry air at high pressure in a place where it is put to work. For air measured in cubic feet per minute (CFM). The higher the CFM, the more power you have.

Wind in Reserve

Compressed air is a form of stored energy, wind substantially in reserve. You can do the job when it is expanded to atmospheric pressure as it is released, EnergyTechPro said. In addition, compressed air is used for portable devices and devices of many types of fixed driving pneumatic motors, which can replace the internal combustion and electric motors, and run peak-load electric generating plants.

Compressor Markets

Piston air compressors with engines from one to 50 horsepower are sold for home, small shops and light industrial applications where the air demand is intermittent, EnergyTechPro said. Rotary compressors with engines over 100 horsepower sold for heavy industrial applications where there is a constant demand for compressed air.

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